AM16/32B Multiplexor 16 o 32 canales (relés mecánicos)
Aumenta el número de sensores a medir
Amplía los canales de entrada del datalogger
meteorología aplicaciones agua aplicaciones energía aplicaciones flujo gas y turbulencia aplicaciones infraestructuras aplicaciones suelo aplicaciones

Resumen

El multiplexor AM16/32B incrementa significativamente el número de sensores que podemos medir con un datalogger Campbell Scientific. Se conecta al datalogger y añade terminales para conectar sensores adicionales de casi cualquier tipo.

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Ventajas y características

  • Aumenta significativamente el número de sensores que puede medir el datalogger
  • Puede multiplexar 16, 32, or 48 sensores
  • Compatible con muchos tipos de sensores, incluyendo termistores, potenciómetros, galgas extensiométricas, cuerda vibrante, reflectómetros y bloques de humedad del suelo
  • Reduce el coste de cablear sensores individualmente en tiradas largas de cable
  • Permite direccionar al relé de un canal específico—reduciendo consumo y desgaste en la conmutación del relé
  • Protege el equipo de descargas eléctricas mediante tubos de gas en todas las entradas y toma para tierra
  • Incluye sujeta cables para evitar daños en el cable del sensor y hilos conductores
  • Elimina la necesidad de condensadores de bloqueo dc para los bloques de yeso de humedad del suelo, reduciendo significativamente el costo del sensor

Imágenes

AM16/32B without lid, glam view
AM16/32B without lid, glam view
AM16/32B without lid, glam view
AM16/32B without lid, front angle view
AM16/32B without lid, front view
AM16/32B without lid, back view
AM16/32B without lid, left view
AM16/32B without lid, right view
AM16/32B without lid, top view
AM16/32B without lid, bottom view

Ficheros CAD:

Descripción detallada

Dependiendo del tipo de sensor, el AM16/32B puede multiplexar 16, 32 o 48 sensores. Se pueden conectar hasta seis AM16/32B al mismo datalogger, dependiendo del número de puertos de control y entradas analógicas libres disponibles.

El AM16/32B multiplexa 16 grupos de cuatro líneas (total 64 líneas) a cuatro terminales comunes (COM), o multiplexa 32 grupos de dos líneas (total 64 líneas) a dos terminales COM. Según los requerimientos del sensor, se conectan cables desde las líneas comunes del multiplexor a las entradas analógicas del datalogger, o canales de excitación o líneas de tierra. El datalogger controla el multiplexor mediante dos puertos de control o mediante un puerto de control y uno de excitación.

Protección contra descargas eléctricas

El equipo incluye protección contra descagas eléctricas mediante el uso de tubos de gas en todas las entradas. Hay un varistor de 35 V conectado entre tierra y el terminal de toma de tierra, que proporciona la protección contra descargas. Los terminales Reset, Clock y +12 V están protegidos por diodos TVS de 18 V.

Especificaciones

-NOTE- The protection on the reset, clock, and +12 V inputs are provided by 18 V TVS diodes.
Power Unregulated 9.6 to 16 Vdc
Scan Advance Occurs on the leading edge of the clock pulse transition (from below 1.5 V to above 3.3 V)
Minimum Clock Pulse Width 1 ms
Maximum Actuation Time for Relay 20 ms
Relay Operation Break before make
Initial Relay Resistance, Closed 0.1 ohm
Maximum Switching Current 500 mA
(Switching currents greater than 30 mA [occasional 50 mA current is acceptable] will degrade the contact surfaces of the mechanical relays and increase their resistance.This will adversely affect the suitability of these relays to multiplex low voltage signals.Although a relay used in this manner no longer qualifies for low voltage measurement, it continues to be useful for switching currents in excess of 30 mA.)
Maximum Switching Voltage 50 Vdc
A voltage divider such as the VDIV10:1 may be needed between the AM16/32B and the data logger to stay within the input limits of the data logger channel.
Minimum Contact Life 5 x 107 operations
Maximum Contact Voltage Rating 70 V
Maximum Voltage 8 Vdc (clock level)
CE Compliance
  • EN 61326:1998
  • EN 55022:1998 Class B
Surge Complies with IEC61000-4-5, test level 3 (±2 kV, 2 ohm coupling impedance)
Operating Temperature Range
  • -25° to +50°C (standard)
  • -55° to +85°C (extended)
Dimensions 23.9 x 10.2 x 4.6 cm (9.4 x 4.0 x 1.8 in.)
Weight ~680 g (~1.5 lb)

ESD

Air Discharge Complies with IEC61000-4-2, test level 4 (±15 kV).
Contact Discharge Complies with IEC61000-4-2, test level 4 (±8 kV).

Typical Current Drain

Quiescent < 210 µA
Active
  • 6 mA (typical in 2x32 mode)
  • 11 mA (typical in 4x16 mode)

Reset Levels

Inactive < 0.9 V
Active 3.3 to 8 V

Compatibilidad

Nota: lo siguiente muestra información de compatibilidad notable. No es una lista de todos los productos compatibles.

Dataloggers

Producto Compatible Nota
CR1000 (retired)
CR1000X
CR200X (retired)
CR216X (retired)
CR300 CRBasic programming experience is recommended, as the AM16/32B with the CR300 series is not currently supported in Short Cut.
CR3000
CR310 CRBasic programming experience is recommended, as the AM16/32B with the CR300 series is not currently supported in Short Cut.
CR5000 (retired)
CR6
CR800
CR850

Equipos para montajes

Producto Compatible Nota
ENC10/12 Mounted sideways only.
ENC12/14
ENC14/16
ENC16/18

Miscelaneo

Producto Compatible Nota
21X (retired)
CR10 (retired)
CR10X (retired)
CR23X (retired)
CR500 (retired)
CR510 (retired)

Información de compatibilidad adicional

Data Logger Considerations

Programming

A series of data logger instructions control the AM16/32B operation (measurement instructions that are repetitive are generally contained within a programming loop; in the CR800-series, CR1000, CR3000, and CR5000, this functionality is available in the SubScan instruction).

Sensors

Compatible sensors include thermistors, potentiometers, load cells, strain gages, vibrating-wire or vibrating-strip transducers, water content reflectometers, and soil moisture blocks. The AM25T is recommended for multiplexing thermocouples.

Maximum Number of Sensor Connections

The maximum number of sensors multiplexed through one AM16/32B depends on the type(s) of sensors measured. For example, assuming identical sensors, the AM16/32B can multiplex up to:

  • 32 single-ended or differential sensors that require two wires (for example, thermistors, half bridges)
  • 16 single-ended or differential sensors that require four wires (for example, full bridges, four-wire half bridges)
  • 32 vibrating-wire sensors (16 with temperature) in conjunction with an AVW1, AVW4, AVW100, or AVW200-series Vibrating-Wire Interface
  • 48 half-bridge measurements (assumes common excitation and completion resistors at the data logger)
  • 48 CS616 Water Content Reflectometers (assumes common excitation)
  • 32 gypsum soil moisture blocks (model 223 or 253). The AM16/32B eliminates the requirement for dc blocking capacitors, significantly reducing sensor cost

Power Considerations

The AM16/32B draws less than 210 microamps quiescent, 6 milliamps active—so power considerations are heavily tied to the percentage of time in quiescent versus active states. Use of a relay address can reduce power consumption by minimizing the time spent in an active state.

In most applications, the data logger’s sealed rechargeable power supply should be more than sufficient; the data logger’s alkaline power supply could be used in applications where the multiplexer is activated infrequently.

Enclosure Considerations

The AM16/32B operates in most field conditions but requires a non-condensing environment. A weather-resistant enclosure equipped with desiccant is required for field use. A smaller enclosure is often used if the multiplexer is housed at a distance from the data logger.

If the AM16/32B is to be housed in the data logger’s enclosure, one AM16/32B, a CR800, CR850, CR1000, CR3000, or CR10X datalogger, and a PS150 power supply will fit in an ENC12/14. For convenience in wiring, a larger enclosure (e.g., ENC16/18) is recommended.

Software

LoggerNet, PC400, and ShortCut are compatible with the AM16/32B. Short Cut software (available at no charge from our website) supports simple programming and generates wiring diagrams for AM16/32B applications; early versions of Short Cut did not support multiplexers. Please reference the notes in the compatibility table for data loggers.

Preguntas frecuentes

Número de FAQs relacionadas con AM16/32B: 13

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  1. A practical maximum is to connect one multiplexer per every two control terminals on the datalogger. Control terminals can be shared between multiplexers to increase the number of connected multiplexers. Sharing terminals, however, requires more complex wiring and programming. Users who would like to connect more than one multiplexer per every two control terminals are advised to contact a sales or support engineer at Campbell Scientific for assistance.

  2. A practical maximum is four AM16/32Bs; however, in some applications it may be possible to control up to 14 multiplexers.
  3. The mechanical contact relays of the AM16/32B are subject to corrosion and pitting, which leads to increased relay resistance and greater variations of the resistance with each contact cycle.  Switched currents in excess of 30 mA degrade the relay contacts involved, rendering the channel unsuitable for further low-level analog measurements.  (If an AM16/32 relay has been used for currents greater than 30 mA, it is not suitable for low-level mV measurements.) The switching of higher level currents causes increased corrosion and pitting of the relays. The solid-state relays on the AM25T multiplexer are not subject to corrosion and pitting; therefore, they are more suitable for low-level mV signals.

  4. Yes. The 3WHB10K is required to measure three-wire temperature probes on the AM16/32B. As both RTDs and thermistors can be measured on the 3WHB10K, refer to the AM16/32B Relay Multiplexer Instruction Manual for the proper programming.

  5. The number of switched lines and banks is different between the two multiplexers. The AM16/32B multiplexer has the operating option of running 16 banks of 4 lines each or of running 32 banks of 2 lines each. The AM25T multiplexer has only the one operating mode of 25 banks of 2 lines each. The 4x16 and 2x32 modes of the AM16/32B can offer more channels, convenience, and flexibility in applications than the 2x25-only mode of the AM25T multiplexer can. The 4x16 operation mode of the AM16/32B is a significant advantage for resistive bridge measurements to switch the current to the bridge circuits in addition to lines set up for the bridge output voltage. The 2x32 mode of the AM16/32B and the 2x25 mode of the AM25T multiplexer are commonly used for sensors that require no excitation (that is, voltages and thermocouples). In the 2x32 mode, the AM16/32B multiplexer has seven more channels than the AM25T offers.

  6. The differences between the mechanical relays on the AM16/32B and the solid-state relays on the AM25T are noteworthy with regard to switching time, voltage and current levels, power consumption, and relay activation noise.

    • Solid-state relays switch faster than mechanical relays. The solid-state relays on the AM25T have a maximum activation time of less than 1 ms, whereas the slower AM16/32B mechanical relays have a maximum activation of 20 ms. This is an important aspect to consider in high sample rate applications of a large number of channels.
    • The mechanical relays on the AM16/32B multiplexer are rated for handling higher voltage and current levels than the solid-state relays on the AM25T.
    • The power consumption for the mechanical relays on the AM16/32B multiplexer is significantly greater than that of the solid-state relays on the AM25T.
    • The mechanical relays on the AM16/32B multiplexer make a distinct clicking sound when closing. In contrast, the solid-state relays on an AM25T are silent. The sound of mechanical relays may be annoying to humans or animals at the installation site. In some applications, the clicking sound of the relays can be a beneficial indicator that measurements are being performed.
  7. Programming the AM25T multiplexer might be considered more convenient because the newer data loggers have a built-in AM25T CRBasic instruction to handle both AM25T differential thermocouple measurements and differential voltage measurements.  There is no CRBasic built-in instruction for the AM16/32B multiplexer. However, the newer versions of the Short Cut program builder software have AM16/32B compatibility for a variety of different sensor types.

  8. The AM25T multiplexer has a built-in PRT temperature bridge circuit for accurate thermocouple cold junction compensation. It also has heat stabilization features designed to minimize temperature gradients across the wiring panel. The AM25T incorporates a large amount of thermal mass in a central concentrated area around the wiring panel terminals. The wiring terminals on the AM25T are located close to each other and close to the heat stabilization mass. 

    On the AM16/32B multiplexer, the wiring panel terminals are spread out across a larger area and do not have the large thermal mass design around the terminals that the AM25T has. Part of the thermal mass includes a heat bar that runs under the wiring panel connectors of which the PRT reference element is coupled to. The PRT element is incorporated into a precision full bridge circuit and calibrated for accurate reference temperature readings. The AM16/32B multiplexer does not have a built-in reference temperature PRT and heat bar design. When using AM16/32B multiplexers for thermocouple measurements, an external reference temperature measurement will need to be provided. 

    Because of its built-in reference temperature circuit and thermal stabilization features, the AM25T multiplexer is more suitable for thermocouple measurements.

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