HFP01SC-L Placa flujo de calor con auto-calibración
Extreme Accuracy
Self-calibrating; ideal for energy-balance in eddy-covariance and Bowen-ratio systems
meteorología aplicaciones agua aplicaciones energía aplicaciones gas flux & turbulence aplicaciones infraestructuras aplicaciones suelo aplicaciones

Resumen

El HFP01SC mide el flujo de calor en el suelo con autocalibración, y es utilizado típicamente en sistemas de medida del balance de energíaty y en sistemas Bowen-ratio. Está pensado para aplicaciones que requieran un alto grado de precisión en la medida del flujo de calor. Para disponer de un valor promediado espacial es habitual hacerlo con dos sensores. Si el medio es heterogeneo puede ser necesario utilizar sensores adicionales.

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Ventajas y características

  • Corrige errores debidos a diferencias en la conductividad térmica entre el sensor y el medio, variaciones de temperatura y inestabilidades leves del sensor
  • Compatible con la mayoría de nuestros dataloggers
  • Usa el método de auto calibración de Van den Bos-Hoeksma para proporcionar un alto grado de precisión en la medida

Imágenes

An example energy-balance installation where the HFP01SCs are installed with the CS616 and TCAV

Descripción técnica

The HFP01SC consists of a thermopile and a film heater. The thermopile measures temperature gradients across the plate. During the in-situ field calibration, the film heater is used to generate a heat flux through the plate. The amount of power used to generate the calibration heat flux is measured by the datalogger. Each plate is individually calibrated, at the factory, to output flux.

Self-calibration corrects for errors due to differences in thermal conductivity between the sensor and surrounding medium, temperature variations, and slight sensor instabilities.

Especificaciones

Sensor Type Thermopile with film heater
Sensitivity 50 μV W-1 m-2 (nominal)
Nominal Resistance 2 Ω
Rango temperatura -30° to +70°C
Expected Accuracy ±3% of reading
Heater Resistance 100 Ω (nominal)
Heater Voltage Input 9 to 15 Vdc
Heater Voltage Output 0 to 2 Vdc
Duration of Calibration ±3 minutes @ 1.5 W (typically performed every 3 to 6 hours)
Average Power Consumption 0.02 to 0.04 W
Plate Diameter 80 mm (3.15 in.)
Plate Thickness 5 mm (0.20 in.)
Peso 200 g (7.05 oz) without cable

Compatibilidad

Please note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible products.

Dataloggers

Product Compatible Note
CR1000
CR200X (retired)
CR300
CR6
CR800
CR850

Miscellaneous

Product Compatible Note
21X (retired) An external relay (such as the A21REL-12) that supplies 12 Vdc to the heater is required when this probe is used with a 21X.
CR10 (retired) An external relay (such as the A21REL-12) that supplies 12 Vdc to the heater is required when this probe is used with a CR10 with the silver wiring panel.
CR10X (retired)
CR216X (retired)
CR23X (retired)
CR3000
CR310
CR500 (retired)
CR5000 (retired)
CR510 (retired)
CR9000 (retired) An external relay (such as the A21REL-12) that supplies 12 Vdc to the heater is required when this probe is used with a CR9000.
CR9000X

Información de compatibilidad adicional

Datalogger Considerations

An external relay (e.g., A21REL-12) that supplies 12 Vdc to the heater is required when this probe is used with a 21X, CR10 with the silver wiring panel, CR7, or CR9000.

Compatible Contemporary Dataloggers

CR200(X) Series CR800/CR850 CR1000 CR3000 CR9000X CR6 Series

Compatible Retired Dataloggers

CR500 CR510 CR10 CR10X 21X CR23X CR9000 CR5000 CR7X

Preguntas frecuentes

Número de FAQs relacionadas con HFP01SC-L: 13

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  1. The example CRBasic program runs in either SequentialMode or PipeLineMode. To force the CRBasic program to run in PipeLineMode, add the instruction PipeLineMode to the beginning of the program.

  2. Rather than using a running average to find the millivolt output during a calibration, use a single sample with 50 or 60 Hz integration. See Example 1 in the 2014 or later version of the HFP01SC-L manual.

  3. No. The HFP01SC-L must be in full contact with the media. Railroad ballast is too coarse.

  4. A calibration shift occurs if the HFP01SC-L is not making full contact with the soil during the calibration cycle. The following could cause the plate to lose contact with the soil: a soil freeze/thaw cycle, soil swelling/contracting because of extreme drying/wetting cycles, or rodents burrowing past the plate.

  5. The in-situ calibration is helpful for quality assurance/quality control. The multiplier determined from the in-situ calibration should be within ±10% of the factory-determined calibration. If it is not, the plate may be damaged, not wired correctly to the datalogger, or not making full contact with the soil.

  6. Because of the loss of IR radiation, nearly all thermopile instruments typically have a negative offset. This offset is most easily visible at night-time, when a small negative value is read instead of zero. This same offset is present during the daytime, but it is not as visible because of the large solar signal.

    Another common issue involves leveling an instrument. Leveling a thermopile instrument can cause errors in the direct beam component because the cosine response is not correct. These errors are more notable when the sun is close to the horizon because the angle is so shallow.

  7. The information included on a calibration sheet differs with each sensor. For some sensors, the sheet contains coefficients necessary to program a datalogger. For other sensors, the calibration sheet is a pass/fail report.

  8. Not every sensor has different cable termination options. The options available for a particular sensor can be checked by looking in two places in the Ordering information area of the sensor product page:

    • Model number
    • Cable Termination Options list

    If a sensor is offered in an –ET, –ETM, –LC, –LQ, or –QD version, that option’s availability is reflected in the sensor model number. For example, the 034B is offered as the 034B-ET, 034B-ETM, 034B-LC, 034B-LQ, and 034B-QD.

    All of the other cable termination options, if available, are listed on the Ordering information area of the sensor product page under “Cable Termination Options.” For example, the 034B-L Wind Set is offered with the –CWS, –PT, and –PW options, as shown in the Ordering information area of the 034B-L product page.

    Note: As newer products are added to our inventory, typically, we will list multiple cable termination options under a single sensor model rather than creating multiple model numbers. For example, the HC2S3-L has a –C cable termination option for connecting it to a CS110 instead of offering an HC2S3-LC model. 

  9. Most Campbell Scientific sensors are available as an –L, which indicates a user-specified cable length. If a sensor is listed as an –LX model (where “X” is some other character), that sensor’s cable has a user-specified length, but it terminates with a specific connector for a unique system:

    • An –LC model has a user-specified cable length for connection to an ET107, CS110, or retired Metdata1.
    • An –LQ model has a user-specified cable length for connection to a RAWS-P weather station.

    If a sensor does not have an –L or other –LX designation after the main model number, the sensor has a set cable length. The cable length is listed at the end of the Description field in the product’s Ordering information. For example, the 034B-ET model has a description of “Met One Wind Set for ET Station, 67 inch Cable.” Products with a set cable length terminate, as a default, with pigtails.

    If a cable terminates with a special connector for a unique system, the end of the model number designates which system. For example, the 034B-ET model designates the sensor as a 034B for an ET107 system.

    • –ET models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station.
    • –ETM models terminate with the connector for an ET107 weather station, but they also include a special system mounting, which is often convenient when purchasing a replacement part.
    • –QD models terminate with the connector for a RAWS-F Quick Deployment Station.
    • –PW models terminate with the connector for a PWENC or pre-wired system.

Casos de aplicación

Alaska: Measuring Fluxes in Forests
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Austin College Weather Station
The Austin College Weather Station (ACWX) is located on Austin College's Sneed Environmental Research Area,......leer más